As an early childhood specialist, in order to teach children music at such a young age, the pedagogical aspect must be taken into account, as well as using simple mechanics so that the child can relate and interpret the musical notes comprehensively through figures and colors, the support of parents and periodic practice in short periods of time is fundamental to learning.
There are very well known and simple methods to teach young children, here three:
1. Suzuki Method
Its founder, the Japanese Shinichi Suzuki, was convinced that if all children learn a language, they can also learn the musical language. His method picks up all the peculiarities of speech learning: start very soon, respecting the child's rhythm, repeat as often as necessary, always with the loving support and encouragement of the parents, etc.
The method of the great pedagogue associates musical learning with an instrument. The violin has been the instrument with which it began to work, but has been extended to others: piano, flute and other string instruments.
The learning is based on 3 pillars: the child, the teacher and the parents, a triad that configures the so-called "Suzuki triangle". Starting early in an atmosphere filled with music, learning gradually, training a little every day in the presence of the parents and stimulated by their breath, sharing the learning with other children are other characteristics of the method.
In the same way that the child does not learn to write before mastering speech, in the Suzuki method, the child does not learn to read music before reaching a basic skill level in the instrument.
2. Kódaly Method
The Hungarian musician and composer Kódaly left his professional career to put all his efforts in developing his ideas on musical pedagogy. He based his method on the voice, in his opinion the most perfect and versatile musical instrument we all share.
By learning good quality songs, emphasizing that only the best quality music is fit to train the children, the child is going into the musical universe, notes and rhythms which will allow him to approach more complex learning in the future. Exposing the child to music from pregnancy and starting their musical training as soon as possible are other important aspects of the method.
UNESCO recently indicated that the decision to include the Kodály method in good practice "enables pupils in primary, secondary and tertiary education to learn and appreciate folk music as well as to interpret it."
3. Carl Orff Method
The German musician and pedagogue Karl Orff placed the beginning of musical education in the rhythm of the language, the movements and the percussions that derive from him. Like the Kodaly method, the beginning of musical learning arises from songs but also from nursery rhymes or riddles.
Rhythms are worked with words and body movement. Children make music with their body as if it were a percussion instrument using four sound planes, feet, knees, palms and fingers. Very simple instruments like the triangle or the drum are added to the body.
Ms Liew Hui Jie
A passionate full time piano teacher in Singapore, with great ideas about how to ensure that students start with learning, playing and finally loving the piano.